Please help me.Can ı ionic app build witout cordova or capacitor

Can I build ionic ap with gradle or xcode witout cordova or capacitor?

I assume you are referring to a mobile application. The answer is no. You will need to use either Cordova or Capacitor to act at the interface and wrapper to the native layer. You can run your app within a browser directly and deploy it as a Progressive Web App (PWA). Those have some limitations, but can still be very powerful.

To build your native binaries, you will need to use Xcode and Android Studio if you want to build locally. Or use Ionic’s Appflow service to build in the cloud.

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