Setting Focus to an Input in Ionic


#1

Hi everyone,

I would like to set the focus on an input at the initialization.

I have followed this great article : mhartington.io/post/setting-input-focus/ (which work great), but i want to do something slightly different by focusing at the initialization :

import { Component, ViewChild, ElementRef } from '@angular/core';

@Component({
  templateUrl: 'build/pages/home/home.html'
})
export class HomePage {

  @ViewChild('input') myInput: ElementRef

  constructor() {}

  ngOnInit() {
    console.log("Init")
    this.myInput.setFocus();
  }

  focusInput(input) {
    input.setFocus();
  }
}

But i get the compiler error :

Property ‘setFocus()’ does not exist on ‘ElementRef’

Is “@ViewChild” appropriate for doing that ?

I tried with : @ViewChild('input') myInput: ElementRef

Am I misunderstanding something ? Do you have any ideas ?

Thanks a lot :slight_smile:


How do you autofocus on an input text field that makes keyboard showing up when enter the page
Focus input programatically + scroll
#2

Can you use ‘autofocus’ in the HTML e.g.

Hope this helps

Amanda


#3

Doesn’t work :confused:


#4

SOLVED :

import {Component, Input, ViewChild} from '@angular/core';
import {NavController} from 'ionic-angular';

@Component({
  templateUrl: 'build/pages/home/home.html'
})
export class HomePage {
  @ViewChild('input') myInput ;

  constructor(private navCtrl: NavController) { }

  ionViewLoaded() {

    setTimeout(() => {
      this.myInput.setFocus();
    },150);

 }

} 

1) import “Input”, “ViewChild” and “NavController”

import {Component, Input, ViewChild} from '@angular/core'; import {NavController} from 'ionic-angular';

2) Create a reference to your input in your template :

<ion-input #input>

@ViewChild('input') myInput ;

3) Trigger the focus

  ionViewLoaded() {

    setTimeout(() => {
      this.myInput.setFocus();
    },150);

 }

4) Show the keyboard

add this line to your config.xml :

<preference name="KeyboardDisplayRequiresUserAction" value="false" />


Set focus on input inside alert prompt
[TUTORIAL] Here are solutions to few common problems I encountered
#5

Hey!
Do you know how can i use your solution for dynamic generated inputs (with *ngFor) ?
i dont know how to set “#input” dynamically (so each one gets unique reference)


#6

This doesn’t seem to be working for me. The focus sets correctly, and I have this line in my config.xml but it doesnt open keyboard. Could this be due to plugin ‘ionic-plugin-keyboard’?

On second look, it does work, but not on the first time focusing. I.e. after the first time the focus is set to the input


#7

The same problem here. The focus sets correctly, but the keyboard doesn’t open. And I have the preference line on my config.xml.


#8

I had this problem also. Not solved with this 4 steps.
The cursors is one moment on the inputfield, the keyboard raises and go back immediately, the cursors disappears also after that…


#9

this way not works for me at all, I use code like this:

let element = this.elementRef.nativeElement.querySelector('input');
this.renderer.invokeElementMethod(element, 'focus', []);

where

private renderer: Renderer, private elementRef: ElementRef

in my constructor. This code allow to set focus on input element on a page.


How do you autofocus on an input text field that makes keyboard showing up when enter the page
#10

I found this also http://blog.thecodecampus.de/ionic-2-set-focus-input-element/


#11

This solution does not work for me… could you please provide a new solution?


#13

Any other solutions for this? I tried all other threads as well, nothing worked :expressionless:


#14

I am surprised they don’t focus by default when you click them this is standard behavior. Is it not for html inputs.

I need help on this too for multiple text boxes.


#15

You can simply use this:

<ion-input #input type="text"></ion-input>
<button ion-button (click)="input.setFocus()">Focus</button>

#16

Small addition to this: If you want to focus a field in a modal / alert or anything that requires a transition:
You have to set the setTimeout delay long enough for the transition to end! or else it will not focus.


#17

Hello everyone!
I don’t know if any of you had this issue but after updating my project to Ionic 3.5.0 it seems like the focus and blur events are deprecated in ion-input.
these are the messages logged: “(focus) is deprecated in ion-input, use (ionFocus) instead” the same for blur.
I have a directive that makes use of the blur event so I can format the input values before send them to the server. I wouldn’t want to go input by input setting the ionBlur handler (my app is full of forms).

Does any of you would know how i could implement the ionBlur in my directive?

import { Directive, HostListener, ElementRef, Attribute} from '@angular/core';
import { NgControl } from '@angular/forms';

@Directive({
	selector:'[inputFormat]'
})
export class InputFormat{
	elem:HTMLInputElement;

	constructor(
		public elRef:ElementRef, 
		public control:NgControl,
		@Attribute('inputFormat') public inputFormat:string){
		this.elem = elRef.nativeElement;
	}

	capitalize(input:String){
		let preps = ['de', 'di', 'do', 'da', 'dos', 'das', 'dello', 'della', 'dalla', 'dal', 'del', 'e', 'em', 'na', 'no', 'nas', 'nos', 'van', 'von', 'y'];
	    let str = input.replace(/(^|\s)([a-z])/g, function(m, p1, p2) {
	        return p1 + p2.toUpperCase();
	    });
	    //console.log(str);
	    let arr = str.split(" ");
	    //console.log(arr);	    
	    for(let i = 0; i<arr.length; i++){
	        let istr = arr[i];
	        for(let j in preps){
	            if(istr.toLowerCase() == preps[j]){
	                arr[i] = preps[j];
	            }
	        }
	    }	    
	    str = arr.join(' ');
	    return str;
	}

	@HostListener('focus', ['$event.target.value'])
	onFocus(value){}

	@HostListener('blur', ['$event.target.value'])
	onBlur(value){
		if(value != undefined && value != ''){		
			if(this.inputFormat == 'lowercase'){
				this.control.control.setValue(value.toLowerCase());
			}
			else if(this.inputFormat == 'uppercase'){
				this.control.control.setValue(value.toUpperCase());
			}
			else if(this.inputFormat == 'capitalize'){
				let val = this.capitalize(value.toLowerCase());
				this.control.control.setValue(val);
			}
		}		
	}
	
}

My system infos:

global packages:

    @ionic/cli-utils : 1.4.0
    Cordova CLI      : 7.0.1 
    Ionic CLI        : 3.4.0

local packages:

    @ionic/app-scripts              : 1.3.12
    @ionic/cli-plugin-cordova       : 1.4.0
    @ionic/cli-plugin-ionic-angular : 1.3.1
    Cordova Platforms               : ios 4.3.1
    Ionic Framework                 : ionic-angular 3.5.0

System:

    Node       : v6.5.0
    OS         : OS X El Capitan
    Xcode      : Xcode 8.1 Build version 8B62 
    ios-deploy : 1.9.1 
    ios-sim    : 5.0.13 
    npm        : 3.10.3 

thanks a lot!!


#18

Btw, waiting for transitions to end by setting a delay long enough is kinda crappy. Does anyone know if theres any hooks, callbacks or observables for transitions?


#19

I think Alerts, Modals and such have a dismiss method and they return an Observable dont they? You could go from there!

Take a look at this: Dismissing And Async Navigation here: http://ionicframework.com/docs/api/components/alert/AlertController/


#20

they have, but sometimes the usecase is more compicated than that.
For instance: I have a button, which requires a user to be logged in, but he can click it always.
If not loggedIn a modal with the loginpage opens.
Logging in will lead to the removal of the modal (from within the modal)
Now on the underlying page stuff has changes, and the ion-content needs to resize. To properly do this i need to wait unit the transition is over.

I will check if there is an observable for the open - close events, but I doubt whether they take the transition time into account.

But the navTransition looks promising!


#21

mmmm what about the profileModal.onDidDismiss
look at this:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { ModalController, ViewController } from 'ionic-angular';

@Component(...)
class HomePage {

 constructor(public modalCtrl: ModalController) {

 }

 presentContactModal() {
   let contactModal = this.modalCtrl.create(ContactUs);
   contactModal.present();
 }

 presentProfileModal() {
   let profileModal = this.modalCtrl.create(Profile, { userId: 8675309 });
   profileModal.onDidDismiss(data => {
     console.log(data);
   });
   profileModal.present();
 }

}

@Component(...)
class Profile {

 constructor(public viewCtrl: ViewController) {

 }

 dismiss() {
   let data = { 'foo': 'bar' };
   this.viewCtrl.dismiss(data);
 }

}

here: http://ionicframework.com/docs/api/components/modal/ModalController/