App Bundle which has an activity, activity alias, service or broadcast receiver with intent filter, but without 'android:exported' property set

I’m updating an old application but during the release phase, I get this error on andorid platform

You uploaded an APK or Android App Bundle which has an activity, activity alias, service or broadcast receiver with intent filter, but without 'android:exported' property set. This file can't be installed on Android 12 or higher. See:

I searched the forum but I can’t solve the problem. I understand that some changes should be made to the AndroidManifest file but I don’t understand what.

these are my app info:


   Ionic CLI                     : 6.20.1 (C:\Users\l.santaniello\AppData\Roaming\npm\node_modules\@ionic\cli)        
   Ionic Framework               : @ionic/angular 5.9.3
   @angular-devkit/build-angular : 12.2.16
   @angular-devkit/schematics    : 12.0.3
   @angular/cli                  : 12.2.16
   @ionic/angular-toolkit        : 4.0.0


   Cordova CLI       : 10.0.0
   Cordova Platforms : 6.0.0, android 9.1.0, android_ 9.1.0, browser
   Cordova Plugins   : cordova-plugin-ionic-keyboard 2.2.0, cordova-plugin-ionic-webview 4.2.1, (and 14 other plugins)


   cordova-res                          : not installed globally
   native-run (update available: 1.6.0) : 1.4.0


   Android SDK Tools : 26.1.1 (C:\Users\l.santaniello\AppData\Local\Android\Sdk)
   NodeJS            : v14.16.1 (C:\Program Files\nodejs\node.exe)
   npm               : 6.14.12
   OS                : Windows 10

Installed also cordova-custom-config plugin but how I can use it to solve the issue?

In AndroidManifest.xml I have these receivers:

<receiver android:name="nl.xservices.plugins.ShareChooserPendingIntent" android:enabled="true">
		<action android:name="android.intent.action.SEND"/>

<receiver android:name="" android:exported="false"/>

<receiver android:name="" android:exported="true" android:permission="">
		<action android:name=""/>

<receiver android:name="com.facebook.CurrentAccessTokenExpirationBroadcastReceiver" android:exported="false">
		<action android:name="com.facebook.sdk.ACTION_CURRENT_ACCESS_TOKEN_CHANGED"/>

Cordova plugin used:

cordova plugin list
cordova-custom-config 5.1.1 "cordova-custom-config"
cordova-plugin-androidx-adapter 1.1.3 "cordova-plugin-androidx-adapter"
cordova-plugin-androidx 3.0.0 "cordova-plugin-androidx"
cordova-plugin-device 2.0.2 "Device"
cordova-plugin-facebook-connect 2.3.0 "Facebook Connect"
cordova-plugin-fcm-with-dependecy-updated 7.8.0 "Cordova FCM Push Plugin"
cordova-plugin-globalization 1.11.0 "Globalization"
cordova-plugin-inappbrowser 5.0.0 "InAppBrowser"
cordova-plugin-ionic-keyboard 2.2.0 "cordova-plugin-ionic-keyboard"
cordova-plugin-ionic-webview 4.2.1 "cordova-plugin-ionic-webview"
cordova-plugin-sign-in-with-apple 0.1.2 "cordova-plugin-sign-in-with-apple"
cordova-plugin-splashscreen 5.0.2 "Splashscreen"
cordova-plugin-statusbar 2.4.2 "StatusBar"
cordova-plugin-whitelist 1.3.4 "Whitelist"
cordova-plugin-wkwebview-engine 1.2.2 "Cordova WKWebView Engine"
cordova-plugin-wkwebview-file-xhr 3.0.0 "Cordova WKWebView File XHR Plugin"
cordova-plugin-x-socialsharing 6.0.3 "SocialSharing"
es6-promise-plugin 4.2.2 "Promise"

Please help me