External images from a certain site not loading on device

Images from app.nutror.com (like this one) are not loaded when using --prod --release.

It works fine if I omit the --release, but I’m unable to sign the app.

Maybe --release is stripping some code out to cause this issue?

Steps to reproduce:
1-Create a blank project
2-Add the Android platform
3-Include a simple image that points to https://app.nutror.com/assets/img/super.png
e.g.: <img src="https://app.nutror.com/assets/img/super.png">
4-Build the project with --prod --release
5-Sign the apk
6-Install and test

I tried a few whitelist options, like this, but none of them worked.